M.D. Spenser is the author of the popular 36-book Shivers series and a journalist. In his column, Story Craft, he will help you improve your writing by sharing his decades of knowledge on the craft of creating stories for children. (Learn more about M.D. Spenser here.)
If you want to be a children’s author, you’ve got to play fair.
Kids have an innate sense of fairness. They aren’t born racist or sexist or homophobic. They love fat people as much as thin ones, old ones as much as young ones, plain ones as much as pretty ones.
Children won’t take to a story where fairness doesn’t win out. They want to believe the world is fair. And, as the world’s most vulnerable people – small, dependent, unable to fend for themselves – they need to believe that.
I’m not just making this up. A 2008 study in the journal Nature found that by age eight, children have a clear sense of what’s fair and what’s not. 
And in 2011, a study at the University of Washington tested 15-month-old babies to see if they cared about fairness.  Turns out they did. Watching videos of crackers being distributed unevenly surprised them. It wasn’t what they expected of life.
So, when you write for children, your protagonist must have a sense of fairness. He or she can have flaws. There might be skills she lacks, mistakes he makes, things she fails to understand.
But he or she has got to value fairness.
And your story has to end well. There can be ogres and meanies, bullies and witches, and scary moments where you don’t know who will win. But fairness must prevail. It’s got to come out right in the end.
Young adult fiction can end more ambiguously; adult fiction, still more. Life doesn’t always turn out right. But smaller children don’t need to know that yet. If you give them heroes who value fairness, they’ll love your stories. That just might solidify in them a love of fairness that endures throughout their lives.
And in that case, you’ve done us all a favor.
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 2008 study in the journal Nature on children and fairness
That’s a great reminder! Speaking of kids and their sense of fairness, I wanted to share something that happened with my 10 year old boy. I posted it as a Facebook status update, and I’d like to share it here:
“Proud of my fifth grader and hopeful about the next generation. This might be long, but I think you’ll enjoy reading. Today when I picked him up from school, he told me what they were doing in his social studies class and said, “Why did they have to do it so complicated!” “How come?” I asked. “Well, the executive branch executes the laws but can also make laws, the legislative branch makes laws but then the president can use his power to veto, and then congress can over write it and then the president can send it to the Supreme Court to finally say if it will be a law or not!” (This might not be accurate, but that’s what I remember). And I said, “that’s right … just last week in Arizona, legislators passed a law that would allow businesses to deny service to gay people based in religious beliefs.” “What? Why?” he asked. “I guess they thought that was what their constituents wanted,” I replied and continued, “But then the Governor vetoed it.” He thought for a second and then recited, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” I looked at him with my eyes full of love. He, very seriously added, “You can’t deny people the right to be happy with the person they choose. That would be unconstitutional.””
What a wonderful story! Brought tears to my eyes.
Brought tears to my eyes, too.